The Monument to the Tsar Liberator
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Narodno Sabranie Square
Monument to the Tsar Liberator. It was erected in honor of Russian Emperor Alexander II and his army, out of which more than 200 000 soldiers gave their lives during the Russian-Turkish War of Liberation (1877–1878). The memorial’s author was Italian sculptor Arnoldo Zocchi who won the project in the international competition in 1900. The sculptural ensemble above the pedestal depicts Russian soldiers and Bulgarian volunteers led by Nike, Ancient Greek goddess of victory. It also features scenes from the major battles and portraits of army leaders. The massive cornice is finished with the sculpture of Emperor Alexander II on horseback, holding the Manifesto declaring the Russian-Turkish War in his hand.